, it is the most populated U.S. state and the third-largest by area. Sacramento is the state’s capital, while Los Angeles is the most populated city in the state and the 2nd most populous city in the country. California borders Oregon to the north, Nevada and Arizona to the east, the Mexican state of Baja California to the south; and has a coastline along the Pacific Ocean to the west.
The economy of the state of California is the biggest in the United States, with a $3.4 trillion gross state product (GSP) since 2022. It is the largest sub-national economy in the world. If California were a sovereign country, it would rank as the world’s fifth-largest economy since 2022, behind Germany and ahead of India, as well as the 37th most populated. The Greater Los Angeles area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the country’s 2nd- and third-largest city economies ($1.0trillion and $0.5trillion respectively since 2020). The San Francisco Bay Area Combined Statistical Area had the country’s highest gross domestic product per capita ($106,757) among big primary statistical areas in 2018, and is home to 5 of the world’s ten biggest companies by market capitalization and 4 of the world’s 10 wealthiest individuals. Somewhat over 84 percent of the state’s residents hold a high school degree, the most affordable high school education rate of all 50 states.
Prior to European colonization, California was among the most culturally and linguistically diverse areas in pre-Columbian North America and contained the highest Native American population density north of what is now Mexico. European exploration in the 16th and 17th centuries resulted in the colonization of California by the Spanish Empire. In 1804, it was included in Alta California province within the Viceroyalty of New Spain. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821, following its successful war for independence, however was delivered to the United States in 1848 after the Mexican– American War. The California Gold Rush began in 1848 and resulted in remarkable social and market modifications, consisting of massive migration into California, a worldwide economic boom, and the California genocide of indigenous individuals. The western portion of Alta California was then arranged and confessed as the 31st state on September 9, 1850, following the Compromise of 1850.
Notable contributions to popular culture, for example in home entertainment, sports, music, and fashion, have their origins in California. The San Francisco Bay Area and the Greater Los Angeles Area are extensively seen as the centers of the worldwide technology and film industries, respectively. California’s ports and harbors manage about a third of all U.S. imports, many originating in Pacific Rim global trade.
, it is the most populated U.S. state and the third-largest by location. Sacramento is the state’s capital, while Los Angeles is the most populated city in the state and the second most populated city in the nation. California borders Oregon to the north, Nevada and Arizona to the east, the Mexican state of Baja California to the south; and has a shoreline along the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Somewhat over 84 percent of the state’s locals hold a high school degree, the least expensive high school education rate of all 50 states.
The western portion of Alta California was then arranged and confessed as the 31st state on September 9, 1850, following the Compromise of 1850.Source