California is a state in the Western United States, located along the Pacific Coast. With nearly 39.2million residents throughout a total area of approximately 163,696 square miles (423,970 km2), it is the most populous U.S. state and the third-largest by area. It is likewise the most populated subnational entity in North America and the 34th most populated worldwide. The Greater Los Angeles and San Francisco Bay locations are the nation’s second and fifth most populous metropolitan areas respectively, with the former having more than 18.7million homeowners and the latter having over 9.6million. Sacramento is the state’s capital, while Los Angeles is the most populous city in the state and the 2nd most populated city in the nation. San Francisco is the second most densely inhabited significant city in the country. Los Angeles County is the country’s most populous, while San Bernardino County is the largest county by area in the country. California borders Oregon to the north, Nevada and Arizona to the east, the Mexican state of Baja California to the south; and has a coastline along the Pacific Ocean to the west.
The economy of the state of California is the largest in the United States, with a $3.4 trillion gross state product (GSP) since 2022. It is the largest sub-national economy on the planet. If California were a sovereign country, it would rank as the world’s fifth-largest economy since 2022, behind Germany and ahead of India, in addition to the 37th most populous. The Greater Los Angeles location and the San Francisco Bay Area are the country’s second- and third-largest city economies ($1.0trillion and $0.5trillion respectively as of 2020). The San Francisco Bay Area Combined Statistical Area had the nation’s greatest gross domestic product per capita ($106,757) amongst big main statistical areas in 2018, and is house to 5 of the world’s 10 biggest companies by market capitalization and four of the world’s 10 wealthiest individuals. A little over 84 percent of the state’s homeowners hold a high school degree, the most affordable high school education rate of all 50 states.
Prior to European colonization, California was among the most culturally and linguistically varied areas in pre-Columbian North America and included the highest Native American population density north of what is now Mexico. European exploration in the 16th and 17th centuries resulted in the colonization of California by the Spanish Empire. In 1804, it was consisted of in Alta California province within the Viceroyalty of New Spain. The location ended up being a part of Mexico in 1821, following its successful war for self-reliance, but was delivered to the United States in 1848 after the Mexican– American War. The California Gold Rush began in 1848 and resulted in remarkable social and market modifications, including massive immigration into California, a worldwide economic boom, and the California genocide of native individuals. The western portion of Alta California was then organized and confessed as the 31st state on September 9, 1850, following the Compromise of 1850.
Significant contributions to pop culture, for instance in home entertainment, sports, music, and style, have their origins in California. The state likewise has actually made noteworthy contributions in the fields of communication, info, innovation, education, environmentalism, economics, politics, innovation, and faith. It is the home of Hollywood, the oldest and among the largest film markets in the world, which has actually had an extensive influence upon worldwide home entertainment. It is considered the origin of the American movie industry, hippie beach, cars and truck and counterculture culture, the individual computer system, the internet, junk food, diners, hamburger joints, skateboarding, and the fortune cookie to name a few developments. The San Francisco Bay Area and the Greater Los Angeles Area are commonly seen as the centers of the international technology and movie markets, respectively. California’s economy is extremely diverse: 58% of it is based on finance, federal government, property, innovation, professional, scientific, technical and company services, education, health, transportation, trade, hospitality, leisure, energies, tourism, production, building and construction, shipping, and many other markets. Farming accounts for only 1.5% of the state’s economy, California’s farming industry has the greatest output of any U.S. state. California’s ports and harbors handle about a 3rd of all U.S. imports, most coming from in Pacific Rim worldwide trade.
, it is the most populous U.S. state and the third-largest by location. Sacramento is the state’s capital, while Los Angeles is the most populated city in the state and the second most populated city in the country. California borders Oregon to the north, Nevada and Arizona to the east, the Mexican state of Baja California to the south; and has a coastline along the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Somewhat over 84 percent of the state’s homeowners hold a high school degree, the least expensive high school education rate of all 50 states.
The western part of Alta California was then arranged and admitted as the 31st state on September 9, 1850, following the Compromise of 1850.Source