, it is the most populated U.S. state and the third-largest by area. Sacramento is the state’s capital, while Los Angeles is the most populated city in the state and the 2nd most populous city in the nation. California borders Oregon to the north, Nevada and Arizona to the east, the Mexican state of Baja California to the south; and has a shoreline along the Pacific Ocean to the west.
The economy of the state of California is the largest in the United States, with a $3.4 trillion gross state item (GSP) as of 2022. It is the largest sub-national economy in the world. If California were a sovereign nation, it would rank as the world’s fifth-largest economy since 2022, behind Germany and ahead of India, as well as the 37th most populated. The Greater Los Angeles area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation’s second- and third-largest urban economies ($1.0trillion and $0.5trillion respectively since 2020). The San Francisco Bay Area Combined Statistical Area had the nation’s highest gross domestic product per capita ($106,757) amongst large primary analytical areas in 2018, and is home to 5 of the world’s 10 largest companies by market capitalization and four of the world’s ten wealthiest individuals. Slightly over 84 percent of the state’s homeowners hold a high school degree, the most affordable high school education rate of all 50 states.
Prior to European colonization, California was among the most culturally and linguistically diverse locations in pre-Columbian North America and contained the greatest Native American population density north of what is now Mexico. European expedition in the 16th and 17th centuries caused the colonization of California by the Spanish Empire. In 1804, it was consisted of in Alta California province within the Viceroyalty of New Spain. The location became a part of Mexico in 1821, following its successful war for self-reliance, but was ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Mexican– American War. The California Gold Rush began in 1848 and led to remarkable social and group modifications, consisting of large-scale migration into California, a worldwide financial boom, and the California genocide of native individuals. The western portion of Alta California was then arranged and admitted as the 31st state on September 9, 1850, following the Compromise of 1850.
Significant contributions to popular culture, for example in home entertainment, sports, music, and style, have their origins in California. The San Francisco Bay Area and the Greater Los Angeles Area are extensively seen as the centers of the global technology and film industries, respectively. California’s ports and harbors deal with about a third of all U.S. imports, a lot of coming from in Pacific Rim international trade.
, it is the most populous U.S. state and the third-largest by area. Sacramento is the state’s capital, while Los Angeles is the most populated city in the state and the second most populated city in the country. California borders Oregon to the north, Nevada and Arizona to the east, the Mexican state of Baja California to the south; and has a shoreline along the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Somewhat over 84 percent of the state’s residents hold a high school degree, the least expensive high school education rate of all 50 states.
The western part of Alta California was then organized and confessed as the 31st state on September 9, 1850, following the Compromise of 1850.Source