, it is the most populated U.S. state and the third-largest by area. Sacramento is the state’s capital, while Los Angeles is the most populous city in the state and the 2nd most populous city in the country. California borders Oregon to the north, Nevada and Arizona to the east, the Mexican state of Baja California to the south; and has a shoreline along the Pacific Ocean to the west.
The economy of the state of California is the largest in the United States, with a $3.4 trillion gross state product (GSP) since 2022. It is the biggest sub-national economy worldwide. If California were a sovereign country, it would rank as the world’s fifth-largest economy since 2022, behind Germany and ahead of India, along with the 37th most populous. The Greater Los Angeles location and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation’s second- and third-largest urban economies ($1.0trillion and $0.5trillion respectively since 2020). The San Francisco Bay Area Combined Statistical Area had the nation’s highest gross domestic item per capita ($106,757) among big main statistical areas in 2018, and is house to 5 of the world’s 10 largest business by market capitalization and four of the world’s 10 richest people. Slightly over 84 percent of the state’s citizens hold a high school degree, the most affordable high school education rate of all 50 states.
Prior to European colonization, California was among the most culturally and linguistically varied locations in pre-Columbian North America and included the highest Native American population density north of what is now Mexico. European exploration in the 17th and 16th centuries caused the colonization of California by the Spanish Empire. In 1804, it was consisted of in Alta California province within the Viceroyalty of New Spain. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821, following its successful war for independence, however was ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Mexican– American War. The California Gold Rush started in 1848 and resulted in dramatic social and group changes, consisting of large-scale migration into California, an around the world financial boom, and the California genocide of indigenous individuals. The western part of Alta California was then organized and confessed as the 31st state on September 9, 1850, following the Compromise of 1850.
Noteworthy contributions to popular culture, for example in home entertainment, sports, music, and fashion, have their origins in California. The San Francisco Bay Area and the Greater Los Angeles Area are widely seen as the centers of the international technology and movie markets, respectively. California’s ports and harbors handle about a third of all U.S. imports, the majority of coming from in Pacific Rim global trade.
, it is the most populated U.S. state and the third-largest by location. Sacramento is the state’s capital, while Los Angeles is the most populous city in the state and the second most populated city in the nation. California borders Oregon to the north, Nevada and Arizona to the east, the Mexican state of Baja California to the south; and has a shoreline along the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Somewhat over 84 percent of the state’s homeowners hold a high school degree, the most affordable high school education rate of all 50 states.
The western portion of Alta California was then arranged and confessed as the 31st state on September 9, 1850, following the Compromise of 1850.Source