California is a state in the Western United States, located along the Pacific Coast. With almost 39.2million locals throughout an overall location of around 163,696 square miles (423,970 km2), it is the most populated U.S. state and the third-largest by area. It is likewise the most populated subnational entity in North America and the 34th most populous on the planet. The Greater Los Angeles and San Francisco Bay areas are the nation’s fifth and second most populous metropolitan areas respectively, with the former having more than 18.7million citizens and the latter having more than 9.6million. Sacramento is the state’s capital, while Los Angeles is the most populated city in the state and the 2nd most populated city in the country. San Francisco is the second most largely inhabited major city in the country. Los Angeles County is the nation’s most populated, while San Bernardino County is the largest county by area in the country. California borders Oregon to the north, Nevada and Arizona to the east, the Mexican state of Baja California to the south; and has a coastline along the Pacific Ocean to the west.
It is the largest sub-national economy in the world. A little over 84 percent of the state’s residents hold a high school degree, the most affordable high school education rate of all 50 states.
Prior to European colonization, California was among the most culturally and linguistically diverse locations in pre-Columbian North America and contained the highest Native American population density north of what is now Mexico. European exploration in the 17th and 16th centuries resulted in the colonization of California by the Spanish Empire. In 1804, it was included in Alta California province within the Viceroyalty of New Spain. The location ended up being a part of Mexico in 1821, following its successful war for independence, but was delivered to the United States in 1848 after the Mexican– American War. The California Gold Rush started in 1848 and led to remarkable social and demographic modifications, consisting of massive migration into California, a worldwide financial boom, and the California genocide of indigenous peoples. The western part of Alta California was then arranged and admitted as the 31st state on September 9, 1850, following the Compromise of 1850.
Noteworthy contributions to pop culture, for instance in entertainment, sports, music, and fashion, have their origins in California. The state likewise has made noteworthy contributions in the fields of communication, information, innovation, education, environmentalism, economics, politics, innovation, and religious beliefs. It is the home of Hollywood, the oldest and among the biggest movie industries on the planet, which has had a profound impact upon international entertainment. It is considered the origin of the American film industry, hippie automobile, beach and counterculture culture, the computer, the internet, quick food, diners, burger joints, skateboarding, and the fortune cookie to name a few developments. The San Francisco Bay Area and the Greater Los Angeles Area are widely seen as the centers of the international innovation and movie industries, respectively. California’s economy is very diverse: 58% of it is based upon finance, government, realty, technology, expert, scientific, technical and organization services, education, health, transport, trade, hospitality, leisure, energies, tourist, production, construction, shipping, and numerous other markets. Although agriculture accounts for only 1.5% of the state’s economy, California’s farming industry has the greatest output of any U.S. state. California’s harbors and ports handle about a 3rd of all U.S. imports, the majority of coming from in Pacific Rim worldwide trade.
, it is the most populous U.S. state and the third-largest by area. Sacramento is the state’s capital, while Los Angeles is the most populous city in the state and the 2nd most populated city in the nation. California borders Oregon to the north, Nevada and Arizona to the east, the Mexican state of Baja California to the south; and has a shoreline along the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Somewhat over 84 percent of the state’s citizens hold a high school degree, the lowest high school education rate of all 50 states.
The western part of Alta California was then arranged and admitted as the 31st state on September 9, 1850, following the Compromise of 1850.Source