California is a state in the Western United States, found along the Pacific Coast. With nearly 39.2million residents across a total area of roughly 163,696 square miles (423,970 km2), it is the most populated U.S. state and the third-largest by location. It is likewise the most populated subnational entity in North America and the 34th most populous on the planet. The Greater Los Angeles and San Francisco Bay locations are the country’s 2nd and fifth most populous metropolitan regions respectively, with the previous having more than 18.7million citizens and the latter having over 9.6million. Sacramento is the state’s capital, while Los Angeles is the most populous city in the state and the second most populous city in the nation. San Francisco is the 2nd most densely inhabited significant city in the country. Los Angeles County is the nation’s most populous, while San Bernardino County is the biggest county by area in the nation. California borders Oregon to the north, Nevada and Arizona to the east, the Mexican state of Baja California to the south; and has a coastline along the Pacific Ocean to the west.
The economy of the state of California is the largest in the United States, with a $3.4 trillion gross state product (GSP) as of 2022. It is the biggest sub-national economy on the planet. If California were a sovereign nation, it would rank as the world’s fifth-largest economy as of 2022, behind Germany and ahead of India, along with the 37th most populous. The Greater Los Angeles location and the San Francisco Bay Area are the country’s 2nd- and third-largest urban economies ($1.0trillion and $0.5trillion respectively as of 2020). The San Francisco Bay Area Combined Statistical Area had the nation’s greatest gdp per capita ($106,757) amongst big main analytical areas in 2018, and is home to 5 of the world’s 10 biggest companies by market capitalization and 4 of the world’s ten wealthiest people. A little over 84 percent of the state’s residents hold a high school degree, the least expensive high school education rate of all 50 states.
Prior to European colonization, California was one of the most culturally and linguistically varied areas in pre-Columbian North America and contained the highest Native American population density north of what is now Mexico. European expedition in the 16th and 17th centuries caused the colonization of California by the Spanish Empire. In 1804, it was consisted of in Alta California province within the Viceroyalty of New Spain. The location became a part of Mexico in 1821, following its effective war for independence, but was delivered to the United States in 1848 after the Mexican– American War. The California Gold Rush began in 1848 and resulted in dramatic social and market changes, including massive immigration into California, an around the world economic boom, and the California genocide of native peoples. The western part of Alta California was then organized and confessed as the 31st state on September 9, 1850, following the Compromise of 1850.
Noteworthy contributions to popular culture, for example in entertainment, sports, music, and fashion, have their origins in California. The San Francisco Bay Area and the Greater Los Angeles Area are widely seen as the centers of the international technology and movie industries, respectively. California’s ports and harbors manage about a 3rd of all U.S. imports, a lot of stemming in Pacific Rim worldwide trade.
, it is the most populous U.S. state and the third-largest by location. Sacramento is the state’s capital, while Los Angeles is the most populous city in the state and the 2nd most populated city in the nation. California borders Oregon to the north, Nevada and Arizona to the east, the Mexican state of Baja California to the south; and has a shoreline along the Pacific Ocean to the west.
A little over 84 percent of the state’s locals hold a high school degree, the most affordable high school education rate of all 50 states.
The western part of Alta California was then arranged and confessed as the 31st state on September 9, 1850, following the Compromise of 1850.Source