, it is the most populated U.S. state and the third-largest by area. Sacramento is the state’s capital, while Los Angeles is the most populous city in the state and the 2nd most populous city in the country. California borders Oregon to the north, Nevada and Arizona to the east, the Mexican state of Baja California to the south; and has a shoreline along the Pacific Ocean to the west.
The economy of the state of California is the largest in the United States, with a $3.4 trillion gross state product (GSP) since 2022. It is the largest sub-national economy on the planet. If California were a sovereign nation, it would rank as the world’s fifth-largest economy since 2022, behind Germany and ahead of India, in addition to the 37th most populated. The Greater Los Angeles location and the San Francisco Bay Area are the country’s 2nd- and third-largest city economies ($1.0trillion and $0.5trillion respectively as of 2020). The San Francisco Bay Area Combined Statistical Area had the nation’s greatest gdp per capita ($106,757) among big main statistical areas in 2018, and is house to five of the world’s 10 biggest business by market capitalization and four of the world’s 10 richest people. A little over 84 percent of the state’s residents hold a high school degree, the most affordable high school education rate of all 50 states.
Prior to European colonization, California was among the most culturally and linguistically varied areas in pre-Columbian North America and included the highest Native American population density north of what is now Mexico. European exploration in the 17th and 16th centuries caused the colonization of California by the Spanish Empire. In 1804, it was included in Alta California province within the Viceroyalty of New Spain. The area ended up being a part of Mexico in 1821, following its successful war for self-reliance, but was ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Mexican– American War. The California Gold Rush began in 1848 and led to significant social and group changes, consisting of large-scale immigration into California, a worldwide financial boom, and the California genocide of indigenous individuals. The western part of Alta California was then arranged and confessed as the 31st state on September 9, 1850, following the Compromise of 1850.
Noteworthy contributions to pop culture, for instance in entertainment, sports, music, and fashion, have their origins in California. The state also has actually made notable contributions in the fields of interaction, information, innovation, education, environmentalism, economics, politics, technology, and faith. It is the house of Hollywood, the oldest and among the largest movie industries on the planet, which has had a profound influence upon worldwide entertainment. It is considered the origin of the American film market, hippie beach, counterculture and car culture, the individual computer system, the web, quick food, restaurants, hamburger joints, skateboarding, and the fortune cookie among other innovations. The San Francisco Bay Area and the Greater Los Angeles Area are widely seen as the centers of the worldwide innovation and film industries, respectively. California’s economy is extremely diverse: 58% of it is based on financing, government, realty, innovation, professional, scientific, technical and organization services, education, health, transportation, trade, hospitality, leisure, energies, tourist, production, construction, shipping, and many other industries. Although agriculture accounts for just 1.5% of the state’s economy, California’s agriculture market has the highest output of any U.S. state. California’s ports and harbors manage about a 3rd of all U.S. imports, most originating in Pacific Rim global trade.
, it is the most populous U.S. state and the third-largest by location. Sacramento is the state’s capital, while Los Angeles is the most populated city in the state and the 2nd most populous city in the nation. California borders Oregon to the north, Nevada and Arizona to the east, the Mexican state of Baja California to the south; and has a coastline along the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Slightly over 84 percent of the state’s citizens hold a high school degree, the least expensive high school education rate of all 50 states.
The western portion of Alta California was then organized and confessed as the 31st state on September 9, 1850, following the Compromise of 1850.Source