California is a state in the Western United States, located along the Pacific Coast. With almost 39.2million residents across a total area of around 163,696 square miles (423,970 km2), it is the most populated U.S. state and the third-largest by area. It is likewise the most inhabited subnational entity in North America and the 34th most populated in the world. The Greater Los Angeles and San Francisco Bay locations are the country’s 2nd and fifth most populous city areas respectively, with the former having more than 18.7million locals and the latter having over 9.6million. Sacramento is the state’s capital, while Los Angeles is the most populated city in the state and the second most populated city in the nation. San Francisco is the 2nd most largely populated significant city in the country. Los Angeles County is the nation’s most populous, while San Bernardino County is the largest county by location in the country. California borders Oregon to the north, Nevada and Arizona to the east, the Mexican state of Baja California to the south; and has a coastline along the Pacific Ocean to the west.
The economy of the state of California is the biggest in the United States, with a $3.4 trillion gross state item (GSP) since 2022. It is the biggest sub-national economy on the planet. If California were a sovereign country, it would rank as the world’s fifth-largest economy since 2022, behind Germany and ahead of India, along with the 37th most populated. The Greater Los Angeles location and the San Francisco Bay Area are the country’s 2nd- and third-largest city economies ($1.0trillion and $0.5trillion respectively as of 2020). The San Francisco Bay Area Combined Statistical Area had the nation’s greatest gdp per capita ($106,757) among big main statistical areas in 2018, and is home to five of the world’s 10 largest companies by market capitalization and four of the world’s 10 richest people. Somewhat over 84 percent of the state’s residents hold a high school degree, the most affordable high school education rate of all 50 states.
Prior to European colonization, California was among the most culturally and linguistically diverse areas in pre-Columbian North America and contained the highest Native American population density north of what is now Mexico. European exploration in the 16th and 17th centuries led to the colonization of California by the Spanish Empire. In 1804, it was included in Alta California province within the Viceroyalty of New Spain. The location became a part of Mexico in 1821, following its effective war for self-reliance, however was delivered to the United States in 1848 after the Mexican– American War. The California Gold Rush started in 1848 and caused remarkable social and group changes, including massive migration into California, an around the world economic boom, and the California genocide of indigenous individuals. The western part of Alta California was then arranged and confessed as the 31st state on September 9, 1850, following the Compromise of 1850.
Significant contributions to popular culture, for example in entertainment, sports, music, and style, have their origins in California. The state also has actually made notable contributions in the fields of communication, details, development, education, environmentalism, economics, politics, technology, and faith. It is the home of Hollywood, the oldest and among the biggest movie markets in the world, which has actually had an extensive influence upon worldwide home entertainment. It is thought about the origin of the American movie industry, hippie beach, vehicle and counterculture culture, the personal computer system, the web, junk food, restaurants, hamburger joints, skateboarding, and the fortune cookie to name a few innovations. The San Francisco Bay Area and the Greater Los Angeles Area are extensively seen as the centers of the global technology and movie markets, respectively. California’s economy is really varied: 58% of it is based upon finance, government, realty, technology, expert, clinical, technical and company services, education, health, transport, trade, hospitality, leisure, energies, tourist, production, building and construction, shipping, and many other markets. Agriculture accounts for only 1.5% of the state’s economy, California’s farming industry has the highest output of any U.S. state. California’s harbors and ports handle about a 3rd of all U.S. imports, the majority of stemming in Pacific Rim international trade.
, it is the most populated U.S. state and the third-largest by location. Sacramento is the state’s capital, while Los Angeles is the most populated city in the state and the 2nd most populous city in the country. California borders Oregon to the north, Nevada and Arizona to the east, the Mexican state of Baja California to the south; and has a coastline along the Pacific Ocean to the west.
A little over 84 percent of the state’s residents hold a high school degree, the least expensive high school education rate of all 50 states.
The western portion of Alta California was then arranged and confessed as the 31st state on September 9, 1850, following the Compromise of 1850.Source